The Health and Beauty – Dental Treatment During Pregnancy
Pregnancy is one of the most important periods of women’s life. It brings hormonal changes in the system of a woman and any additional inconveniences and questions, too.
One of these questions is the question of teeth’s health. As we all know, hormonal instability can cause problems with the teeth, which could be solved easily in ordinary situation. But, when a woman is pregnant, there is time to think about probable danger or perils that dental care can bring to the fetus.
So, the main task of the article is to inform about everything concerning dental treatment in pregnancy.
Hormonal changes could lead to:
- caries (and its complications such as pulpitis or periodontitis),
- different diseases of mucous membrane in the mouth (such as tumor of gums),
- heightened sensibility of teeth,
- erosion of teeth.
They are all connected with the changes in pregnant woman’s saliva, which has the imbalance of microelements. It can be explained by the fact that a fetus needs more calcium for itself. Calcium is taken from different bone tissues, including teeth.
Teeth become more weak and fragile. The teeth and mouth serve as the breeding ground for bacteria. Bacteria mean infection. It is known, that a woman and a fetus are interconnected with navel string. So, there is a risk it could reach the fetus and do harm to it.
How many times should I visit a dentist?
If the pregnancy has normal tendency, you can visit a dentist four times: 6-8, 16-18, 26-28 и 36-38 weeks of pregnancy. If there are risk factors, the number of dentist’s examinations should be doubled.
Is it allowed to treat teeth during pregnancy?
If you plan to become pregnant, you had better sanitize your mouth cavity, make hygienic cleaning, treat all mouth diseases and have wisdom teeth extracted (if there is a need) before pregnancy. This is strongly recommended to do it, so as to a woman did not feel herself stressed when pregnant.
If you could not do it, you can surely take dental treatment during pregnancy.
Yes, it is possible to use local anesthetization. The level of modern medical treatment permits to say that the majority of the newest local anesthetic drugs can be used by a pregnant woman without any anxiety for the health of her baby.
Because they are absolutely harmless to organisms and they have antiallergenic characteristics. Furthermore, non-use of it could bring more harm to the fetus, as long as a woman feels pain, agitation, discomfort and fear during dental care, but anesthetics help to reduce such a negative feelings and emotions.
Fluoridation of teeth
This procedure is permissible if a dentist gave indications for the use of it. It will help to prevent caries, strengthen the enamel, normalize the functioning of the mucous membrane and increase its resistance to the various infections. But remember that the excess of fluorine provoke the appearance of white, yellow and brown spots on the teeth’s surface.
What matters are prohibited from using for pregnant women in dental care?
All substances, containing toxic or allergenic components, should be forbidden for pregnant women.
They could provoke mutations in a fetus or worsen the health of a mother or a child. Among them:
- arsenic and its derivatives,
- filling materials with mercury,
- anesthetics with adrenaline and its derivatives,
- tetracycline antibiotics (provoke the coloring of baby’s teeth, responsible for cataract and the anomaly of baby’s limbs),
- anti-inflammatory drugs. Steroids are forbidden completely (provoke the fetus’s growth inhibition). Non-steroids can be used in 1st and last trimesters (provoke heart problems),
- some painkillers like aspirin and codeine-containing drugs (provoke heart anomalies and different deformities of fetus).
In general, dental X-raying is considered as almost innocuous for pregnant mothers. And if a dental clinic uses radio visio graph (makes micro irradiation) instead of the ordinary X-ray set, it becomes even safer (up to 15 times).
Remember the following tips to minimize radioactive influence and dangers for fetus:
- try to avoid X-raying in 1 st trimester of pregnancy,
- evade the prolonged X-raying procedures,
- protect your abdomen and bosom with a special lead apron, collar or belt,
- the quantity of radiographs should be as minimum as possible.
Removal and prosthetics
Yes, there are not any restrictions on these procedures, but there are some nuances. The best variant is, when a tooth is slightly affected by caries. All you need is to just drill the bad part out and stop the tooth with safe filling material.
Many dentists do not want to extract teeth, since it is easier to insert a false tooth into the root and it is a difficult procedure, especially for wisdom teeth. You would become overstressed, your temperature would heighten, and your fetus would be harmed more or less. So, try not to commit such a situation, or, if it is possible, postpone it to after-birth period.
As to dental prosthetics, dentists would try to dissuade you from the procedure, despite it is absolutely harmless for the mother and fetus. And there is a reason.
There is no need in additional worries, if it is not essential for life. You would rather delay it to the period, if it is possible after suckling.
Whitening is not recommended when a woman is pregnant. It raises the sensitivity of teeth and weakens them. In addition, chemical agents, used in this procedure, could get to the gums and harm them. And, if they are ill (with gingivitis, for example) and bleeding, chemicals could be found in blood and reach the fetus. So, there is no point to take risks in vain.
Yes, physicians allow their use by pregnant mothers. They are absolutely safe, but know, that they impair the hygiene of oral cavity that favors the acceleration of the progress of caries, so you need to be more careful while using them. It means intensification of sanitary steps and eating special food.
What should I do to avoid all that nuisances and problems with teeth?
You should just perform a range of simple actions:
- clean your teeth twice a day with the brush of the weak – and moderate stiffness of bristle,
- gargle your throat after every food ingestion,
- use toothpicks or dental floss to clean your teeth from the bits of food,
- remove dental deposit, dental tartar and plaques from your teeth.
The health of the teeth can be transmitted from mother to child
Baby teeth form and mineralize from 6th weeks to 5-6 years of baby, and there are many factors influencing on the process: toxicoses, mother’s diseases during pregnancy, drugs, and also many factors after the birth of the baby.
The predisposition to caries plays significant, but not decisive role in it. The whole point is that not caries itself is transmitted, but saliva composition. If there are many oligosaccharides, which serve as the food solution for bacteria and help them to stick to enamel, then the possibility that caries will appear increases.
Do not forget, this is just the indirect predisposition, but not a verdict.
Just teach your baby to eat healthy food, follow the rule of hygiene and take care of his teeth and oral cavity, and he will never know what caries is.
So, now we can see that the topic, concerning the teeth during pregnancy is not so much simple, as it could seemed at the beginning. Every pregnant woman must be very attentive to her mouth and her teeth. Their health is the integral part of a bigger health, the health of mother and of her future baby. And we can only wish to every pregnant mother strong teeth and healthy baby!
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